© George Chryssides 2017
Page created 16 February 2017
Last updated 29 March 2017
Religion in the 21st Century
Podcasts on Buddhism
Theravada and Mahayana Buddhism
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The Theravada tradition followed the route through the southern countries of Asia where Brahmanism had previously prevailed -- Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, Laos and Cambodia.
Mahayana Buddhism arose in north Asia -- principally China, Korea and Japan -- where the prevailing cultures and religions absorbed Buddhist teachings and practices.
The forms of Buddhism found in Nepal, Tibet and Mongolia are sometimes defined as Mahayana, but often regarded as a third type of Buddhism
-- the Vajrayana, or "Diamond Vehicle".
Above: Large Buddha image in the caves of the Fo Guang Shan Monastery, Taiwan (in the Mahayana tradition).